The Japanese also enlisted the Kamikaze suicide pilots as part of their defense. General Simon Buckner, the opposing American land commander, had , soldiers under his command. Before landing in Okinawa to anchor, the Americans bombed the Hagushi bay for seven days before April 1st. By March 31st they had secured it for their 60, 77th division, to little opposition. The Kamikaze also launched suicide plane attacks which destroyed units of American carrier fleet. But many Kamikaze flights were countered by the Americans.
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Bar guerrilla activity, by April 20th all Japanese resistance in the north of Okinawa had been eradicated. The most intense battle of Okinawa was South of the island, on April 4th America troops ran into Machinato line which halted their advance. They breached it on April 24th and then ran into Shuri line which slowed them again.
At the South the Kamikaze sunk 21 American warships and damaged 66 others. When a Japanese counter attack failed, Ushijima ordered his troops to pull back from the Shuri line.
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The Japanese continued standing firm but by June they had lost the battle of Okinawa to Americans. Americans declared it secure on July 2nd, few days earlier, General Ushijima had committed suicide. The Japanese also lost aircraft, and 16 of her ships were sunk in the Battle of Okinawa. The Japanese Commander in Chief of the combined fleet, Admiral Isoruku Yamamoto believed an all out naval battle with Americans was the only way for Japan to gain control of the Pacific, by defeating them.
That way Japan would become the dominant power in the Pacific. The US Navy also had been able from early to break Japanese communication codes.
As the Japanese aircraft were returning from those first attacks, their navy remained aware of the US Naval force presence in the area. US torpedo and dive bomber units were dispatched to attack the Japanese fleet. Three Japanese fleet carriers were hit and razed, and abandoned.
The surviving carrier Hiryu retaliated with two attacks and bombed USS Yorktown, and severely damaged it. Spruance, sent dive bombers to attack it. Hiryu was bombed and burnt and it lost the ability to launch fighter aircraft. The US Navy and forces attacks at Midway Atoll intensified in the next two days, which compelled the Japanese to abandon the battle and return to Japan. In the battle Japan lost men, four aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and hundreds of aircraft, and other experienced crewmen, hard to replace.
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The US lost about men, one aircraft carrier, a destroyer, and over aircraft. This US victory halted the Japanese, Pacific expansion. The US also shrunk the Japanese empire expansion in Pacific islands in years that followed, through other larger naval battles. Soviet leader Josef Stalin unleashed tanks, aircraft, and 20 armies to capture Berlin and crush the German resistance.
These two senior most Soviet commanders were competitive and each desired to be credited with the fall of Berlin. On the 15th of April, Soviet forces fired over a million shells into German positions west of the Oder River. It took Zukhov and his troops three days to advance past the German resistance.
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His plan almost derailed when the Germans fired back aggressively with machine guns. Scores of Red Army also died from friendly fire, as the Soviet artillery was firing without proper guidance.
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Many Soviet tanks were lost for being used as battering rams against German positions. Over 30, Red Army soldiers also died, while the Germans lost 10, On April 22nd Hitler, was almost admitting defeat as the route to Berlin was open, but his deputy Martin Bormann urged him to fight on. The hope was on 70, General Walther Wenck commanded, 12th army, and located south-west of the city.
In this forest there was a massacre of over 50, soldiers and civilians, with majority of the dead being Nazis. Today corpses of those who died in that forest are still being found. Zukhov and Konev troops aggressively advanced to Berlin both sides eager to take credit for its capture. In the process they sometimes accidentally shot at each other.
The Soviets used tanks in the Berlin street fights in a similar manner that the Germans had disastrously done earlier in Stalingrad.
The Russian tanks were fired upon by German soldiers with bazookas in destroyed buildings. But the 90, German soldiers had little chance against over a million Red Army troops. Though the first wave of Red Army into Berlin was disciplined, the second ones were violent and raped women.
Their out of control indulgence was fuelled by alcohol stocks they found in Berlin. Reports say in the last six months of World War Two, up to two million German women were raped , of them in Berlin.
With Battle of Berlin nearly ending, on 30th April , Hitler and Eva Braun his mistress committed suicide hours after marrying in the bunker they were hiding. On May 2nd the Reichstag the old German parliament fell. The capture of Berlin by the Red Army of Stalin before the Americans' arrival was a source of Soviet prestige and led to German mistrust of the west.
Fought in the Ardennes Forest from December 16th of until January 25th of , the Battle of the Bulge pitted German Forces against those of the advancing Allied powers. Almost a million soldiers from opposing sides were involved in this battle, reports National World War II Museum report. This was also the single bloodiest and biggest battle Americans had fought, as almost 80, troops were either killed, maimed, or captured.
But he intended to reverse gains Allied troops had made, when they landed on France, on D-Day. His army led by Marshalls Gerd von Rundstedt, and Walther Model, launched a counter attack on a 75 mile dense Ardennes Forest stretch, on a misty winter December 16th morning. They had about , German troops, and almost 1, tanks. This stretch was held by battle worn, wounded, and inexperienced American divisions who were resting. After a day of fighting the Germans broke through the American front and surrounded the infantry division.
They then seized vital crossroads, bridges, and advanced towards Meuse River. On that first day Allies loses were huge as in some sections they were outnumbered ten to one by the Germans. The Allied soldiers were massacred by Germans soldiers in American uniform disguise. By Christmas the German offensive had advanced 50 miles into Allied territory, and forced Americans to surrender in a day. This was the biggest surrender since the Battle of Bataan. He is married with two children, and lives in California. Darko Pavlovic was born in and currently lives and works in Zagreb, Croatia.
blacksmithsurgical.com/t3-assets/realistic/good-morning-africa.php A trained architect, he now works as a full-time illustrator and writer, specialising in militaria. He has also written and illustrated titles for the Men-at-Arms series on the Austrian army of the 19th century. Introduction The commanders Bibliography further reading Colour plate commentary Index. You may also be interested in the following product s. More info. Military History.