A paper published in Antiquity by Paolo Cherubini would appear to confirm the 16 th century BC as the date of the catastrophic eruption ruling out an earlier date as untenable o. In the same year, the University of Birmingham published a report u that supported the BC date. In August , an interdisciplinary group led by dendrochronolist Charlotte L.
Pearson published a paper ab , which concluded that the eruption of Thera took place in the 16th century BC.
ATLANTIS AND THE TEN PLAGUES OF EGYPT: The Secret History Hidden in the Valley of the Kings
This conclusion was the result of using a combination of dendrochronology along with high-resolution radiocarbon dating methods. October saw further evidence for an early 16th century BC date for the eruption emerge after the radiocarbon dating of some olive wood found on Therasia, one of the Santorini group z.
The doctoral thesis of Dr. David Sewell explores the cultural effects of the Theran eruption and can be read online h. The volcanic ash deposited by the Theran eruption was centuries later to be used in huge quantities to manufacture cement for the construction of the Suez Canal. It was during the mining of this material that workmen encountered large stone blocks under the layers of pumice, indicating buildings of a great age.
It is claimed by many that a garbled Egyptian description of this devastating event was the basis for the story of the destruction of Atlantis. Opponents of this theory counter it by pointing out that Plato describes the inundation of an island much larger than Santorini or Crete, located in the Atlantic following an earthquake , not a volcanic eruption many thousands of years earlier. They are discussed separately under.
Dora Constantinidis who studied under Prof. Christos Doumas delivered a lecture in Melbourne on May 29 th with the inviting title of Unravelling the Atlantis Myth at Akrotiri. However, the primary purpose of the talk was not to advance our knowledge of Atlantis but to encourage the sale of Bronze Age inspired merchandise p. This is suggested to have resulted from the volcanic ash generated by the eruption blotting out the sun for up to 25 years. It is thought that the Disk had been used to synchronise the lunar and solar calendars l and when this was no longer possible the Disk was buried as some form as offering.
A contrary view is offered elsewhere on the Internet m , as well as further controversy t led by Peter Schauer from the University of Regensburg. Andis Kaulins has also written an extensive paper on the Nebra Sky Disk. A update r on the Disk was posted by Claudia Bracholdt. An extensive bibliography of books and articles on the subject of Thera can be found on the Internet b.
The book tells the story of one of the most famous islands in the Aegean , Santorini, and its possible connection with the even more famous Atlantis. Santorini has had many names over the millennia; to the ancient Greeks it was Calliste , later becoming Thera and today is Santorini, from the Italian, Santa Irene.
Proof for the Biblical Exodus! – Simcha Jacobovici TV
The island of Thera exploded in the second millennium BC with a degree of ferocity, that fortunately, has not been seen since, with the exception of the explosion on the Indonesian island of Tambora. This is disputed by some, who date the Minoan collapse to around one hundred and fifty years before the Theran eruption s. Its effects were felt across large swathes of the Eastern Mediterranean region leading to crop failures and civil unrest.
Friedrich considers the evidence for linking Atlantis with Thera and concludes that the question is still open and may be resolved through the ongoing excavations on the island at Akrotiri and in the Nile Delta. The focus of the book is on the geology of the island and is written in a very readable style and excellently illustrated. Geologists, historians and the general public will find this a fascinating tome. It is a must for anyone interested in the history of the eastern Mediterranean and Atlantis.
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The Biblical Exodus has been linked by some with the time of the destruction of Atlantis. Bennett has firmly identified the 2 nd millennium BC eruption of Thera with the destruction of Atlantis f and in turn the effect of the volcanic fallout on the Egyptian nation generating the Plagues of Egypt recorded in Exodus.
Hans Goedicke, a leading Austrian Egyptologist, expressed a similar view regarding an Exodus link in a lecture, leading to quite a media stir c. Ian Wilson , best known for The Turin Shroud, has calculated that the volcanic plume from the Theran eruption would have been clearly visible from the Nile Delta [ Riaan Booysen believes b that there were two Exodus events that can be linked with three possible Theran eruptions and has identified the Israelites as the Hyksos. Ralph Ellis has also linked the biblical Exodus with the expulsios of the Hyksos and devoted a short book [ ] to the idea.
Daniel J. Stanley, a senior oceanographer at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, called the ash discovery ''a nonarcheological, hard-science proof that the effect of the volcano was felt as far away as Egypt. Stanley and Harrison Sheng, also of the National Museum, reported at a recent meeting of the Geological Society of America that they had found the ash at four widely scattered sites around Lake Manzala, near Port Said.provpalpingcomp.gq
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Their analysis, they said, established the approximate age of the ash as 3, years and determined that the glass was virtually identical in structure and composition to debris from the eruption found near Santorini. Goedicke, chairman of the department of Near Eastern studies at Johns Hopkins, interpreted a royal Egyptian inscription to mean that the Exodus occurred in B.
Goedicke's date could make the event coincide with the volcanic eruption and, as he said, ''verify the biblical account to an unexpected degree. But Hershel Shanks, editor of Biblical Archeology Review, said the new ash findings were ''fascinating but inconclusive'' as far as establishing any link between the volcano and the Exodus. He said that Dr.
Goedicke had not won any ''scholarly support'' for his theory, although it ''remains a possibility, of course.
It was Dr. Goedicke's theory that led Dr. Stanley to search for volcanic debris in core samples of sediments collected by the Egyptian Coastal Research Institute. He is working with the institute and other scientists in a study of the geologic history of the Nile delta.
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After a year of painstaking work, examining several cores and hundreds of thousands of silt-sized fragments, Dr. Stanley and Mr. The legend of Atlantis and the story of the Biblical plagues and subsequent exodus from Egypt have also been connected to the epic catastrophe. Historians and archaeologists have had trouble deciding on the year Thera erupted, with dates ranging anywhere from BC to BC. Studies of ash deposits on the ocean floor have revealed, however, that when the volcano did blow, it did so with a force dwarfing anything humans had ever seen or have seen since.
There are no first-person accounts of what happened that day, but scientists can compare it to the detailed records available from the famous eruption of Krakatoa, Indonesia, in That fiery explosion killed upwards of 40, people in just a few hours, produced colossal tsunamis 40 feet tall, spewed volcanic ash across Asia, and caused a drop in global temperatures and created strangely colored sunsets for three years. The blast was heard 3, miles away. Thera's eruption was four or five times more powerful than Krakatoa, geologists believe, exploding with the energy of several hundred atomic bombs in a fraction of a second.
An absence of human remains and valuables like metal suggest that the Minoan residents of Santorini predicted the eruption and the island was evacuated, but the culture as a whole did not fare as well.